Multiple sclerosis may appear at any age, but it usually begins between the ages of 20-40. The board-certified physicians at All Neurological Services specialize in treating multiple sclerosis, focusing on helping you maintain optimal mobility and function. To schedule an appointment, book online or call the nearest office today. We are located in Brooklyn, New York as well as in Cliffside Park, New Jersey.
What causes multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder that causes the loss of muscle control. MS slowly develops as your immune system attacks neural cells in your brain and spinal cord.
The immune attack damages the myelin sheath, a thin protective cover around each neuron. As the sheath breaks down, the affected neurons lose the ability to transmit signals from your brain to your muscles. As a result, you lose muscle control and mobility.
What symptoms develop due to multiple sclerosis?
The symptoms you experience depend on the affected neural cells and the extent of the damage. Many patients experience the first signs of multiple sclerosis in their eyes. However, you may develop any of the following symptoms:
Pain during eye movement
Lack of coordination
Unsteady gait (difficulty walking)
You may also experience tingling or pain in specific body areas.
How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
Your provider will typically perform an MRI of the brain and spine to identify affected areas . You may also undergo an evoked potential test to further evaluate the spinal cord, visual center, and hearing centers in the base of the brain. This test shows how your neural cells respond to stimulation. You may also need blood tests to rule out other conditions that may present with similar symptoms.
How is multiple sclerosis treated?
Treatment for multiple sclerosis focuses on managing your symptoms, slowing down the progressive damage, and improving your ability to move. To accomplish these goals, your provider creates a treatment plan that combines several modalities, such as oral medications, injections, and physical therapy.
Many disease-modifying medications are available that may reduce the severity and frequency of relapses, block the immune system from attacking neurons, and slow down the rate of damage.
Muscle relaxants ease the pain caused by muscle stiffness or spasms. Your provider may also prescribe other medications that target problems associated with multiple sclerosis, such as depression, pain, insomnia, and bladder or bowel incontinence.
Physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy can help you maintain mobility and function.
If you need exceptional treatment for multiple sclerosis, call All Neurological Services, or schedule an appointment online today.